"From a sea 500 million years ago to a great mountain closely knit with the local way of life"
A “Geopark” is an area that is significant and outstanding in terms of geology, natural science, and culture, where the geological heritage is inextricably woven into the way of life of the local communities. Management of the geopark involves all stakeholders with a holistic concept of protection, education, and sustainable development.
“Satun Geopark” is located in southern Thailand, covering 4 districts in Satun Province, namely Thung Wa, Manang, La-Ngu, and Amphoe Mueang. Its topography comprises limestone mountain ranges, islands of many sizes, and splendid beaches. Tourists are welcome to experience the pure nature, the rich history, and the indigenous way of life in this area.
The land here is prime evidence of a submerged landscape dating back over 500 million years ago, a time when early organisms thrived and introduced oxygen to the Earth’s atmosphere. Subsequent uplift of tectonic plates formed mountain ranges and caves, which served as the first shelters for prehistoric humans. To this day, inhabitants of the geopark continue to live on its natural resources, which is considered a unique cultural tradition.
With an attractive topographic terrane, and natural features, Satun Geopark offers diverse types of activities, as kayaking, diving and caving for an adventure seekers, while tourists who want to chill out would prefer waterfalls and beaches. Moreover, you can enjoy and test local products including a variety of local cultures.
Sites in Satun Geopark
Between May, 2014 and January, 2015, Nakhon Ratchasima Rajabhat University as a consultant for drafting a master plan of the Satun Geopark development project of the Department of Mineral Resources has proposed a specified area of the Satun Geopark. It is consisted of four districts of the Satun Province including Thungwa, Manang and La-ngu of both inland area and islands in the Andaman Sea. A part of Ko Sarai Sub-district of the Mueang Satun is also added including Tarutao Island, Khai Islet, and the Adang – Ra Wi Islands for diversification.
The geopark area is mostly composed of Paleozoic marine sedimentary rocks comprising limestone, sandstone, mudstone, shale and chert. Fossils are abundant and diversified indicating continuous succession of ages from the Cambrian up to the Permian. Granite was intruded during Triassic clearly exposed in the northeast of the area and in the islands and islets of the Adang – Ra Wi Islands namely Adang, Ra Wi, Lipe and other islands. The granite intrusions had transformed some country rocks into some metamorphic rocks such as quartzite and hornfels.
The rocks are exposed as mountainous terrains as outstanding karst topography including cliff canyons, sinkholes, caves and stream-cross caves and many spectacular waterfalls. The rocks are also exposed in the low-laying undulating areas sporadically covered by Quaternary fluvial and coastal sediments. These sediments occur as gravel and sand riverbed, floodplain, estuaries, and sand and gravel beaches.
Site investigations had collected geological information including rocks, stratigraphy, structures, geomorphology, and fossils, as well as archeology, ecology and museums totally 72 sites. They include 63 geological sites, 4 ecological sites, 2 archeological sites and 3 museums with detail information as follows.